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When it comes to roofing materials, one of the most popular options is tiled roofs. Roof tiles offer a multitude of benefits, including durability, longevity, and even energy efficiency. However, have you ever paused to wonder what roof tiles are made of? In this blog post, we'll dive into the materials used to make roof tiling, the different types of roof tiles, and why it matters for homeowners and builders alike.

Roof Tile Types and What They Are Made Of


Clay roof tiles are among the most popular roofing materials in Australia. They are made from natural clay fired at high temperatures to create a rigid, durable material. Clay tiles come in various colours and styles, including traditional terracotta, warm reds, and cool blues.

They are known for their longevity, with some clay roofs lasting over 100 years. Clay tiles are also energy-efficient, providing insulation that keeps your home cooler during the summer and warmer in the winter.

Asphalt shingles

Asphalt shingles are roofing materials made of asphalt, fibreglass, and other organic or inorganic materials. There are two kinds of shingles: organic shingles and fibreglass shingles.

Organic shingles are made of felt paper reinforced with wood fibre or other organic materials, while fibreglass shingles are made of fibreglass mat reinforced with a resinous binder.

Both types of asphalt shingles are coated with asphalt and mineral granules, providing them with their weather-resistant properties and aesthetic appeal. Asphalt shingles come in various styles, including three-tab, architectural, and luxury or designer shingles.


Concrete roofing tiles are another popular option in Australia. They are made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water and are available in a range of colours and styles, from flat to curved, and can mimic the look of other materials like wood or slate.

Concrete tiles are a more affordable option than clay but still provide excellent durability and protection for your home. Concrete roofs are resistant to fire, hail, and wind, making them a popular choice in areas prone to extreme weather.


Metal roof tiles are made of steel or aluminium coated with a zinc or aluminium-zinc alloy layer. These tiles are durable, lightweight, and resistant to rust and corrosion. They are available in various styles and colours, including those that mimic the look of Spanish tiles or wood shingles. Metal tiles are an excellent option for those looking for an eco-friendly roofing option.


Slate roof tiles are made from natural slate, a type of metamorphic rock. They are available in an assortment of colours, including black, grey, and green, and are an excellent option for those looking for a high-end, elegant roofing option. Slate tiles are known for their durability, with some roofs lasting over 150 years.

They are also fire-resistant and are an excellent choice for areas prone to bushfires. However, slate tiles can be expensive, and their weight might require additional structural support.


Composite tiles are made of a mix of materials, including plastic and rubber. These tiles are lightweight, easy to install, and can mimic the look of various roofing materials like clay or slate. They are also resistant to mould, mildew, and fire, making them an excellent option for those looking for a low-maintenance roofing solution.

Benefits of Using Roof Tiles

Long-lasting and durable 

Roof tiles are explicitly designed to last for decades, if not centuries. They are made from hard, durable materials that can withstand adverse weather conditions, including high winds, heavy rain, and hail. This makes roof tiles an excellent choice for homeowners who want a long-lasting roofing solution that requires minimal maintenance.

Low maintenance required

Roof tiles require minimal maintenance, making them an excellent option for homeowners who want a roofing solution that won't require regular upkeep. They are resistant to moss and algae growth and pests that eat away at other roofing materials. Additionally, roof tiles are easy to clean, and a simple sweep or quick power wash is enough to keep them looking new.

Energy-efficient roofing materials 

Roof tiles provide excellent insulation, helping to keep the temperature of your home cooler during the summer and warmer in the winter. This can lead to significant energy savings, as you won't need to use your air conditioning or heating system as frequently. Clay tiles, in particular, have excellent insulating properties, making them popular for homes in warmer climates.

Wide range of stunning design options

Roof tiles come in a range of colours and styles, making it easy to find a design complementing the architectural style of your home. Clay tiles, in particular, have a warm, earthy look that brings character and charm to any home.

Concrete tiles could be made to mimic the look of other materials, such as wood or slate, providing a cost-effective way to achieve a specific aesthetic.

Fire resistant

Using roof tiles as roofing material adds an extra layer of protection against fire outbreaks. Most roof tile manufacturers use materials such as ceramic, clay, and concrete in their production, which are inherently flame-resistant materials. This factor could make your home or building more fire-resistant, thereby increasing property value and insurance premiums.

Noise reduction properties

Roof tiles create a quieter environment indoors, reducing noise from outside. Heavy rain, wind, or hail won't be annoyingly loud due to the sound insulation properties of roof tiles. Additionally, they are a perfect choice for buildings situated in noisy neighbourhoods.

Environmentally friendly option 

Roof tiles are environmentally friendly, with most roof tile manufacturers using recycled materials in their production. Since they are durable and long-lasting, they don't quickly wear out, which means you don't need to replace them as often, reducing your carbon footprint and overall waste.

Considerations when Selecting a Roof Tile Type

Climate conditions

One of the most critical considerations when selecting a roof tile type is the local climate conditions. For instance, consider concrete or metal tiles if you reside in an area with adverse weather conditions like hailstorms, heavy rainfall, or high winds.

These options are more durable and resistant to damage than traditional asphalt shingles. However, lighter-coloured coatings like ceramic or clay may be more appropriate if you live in a warm, dry climate.

Style of your home

Your home's style plays a role in the overall appearance of your new roof. For instance, clay or slate tiles might be the best choice if you have a traditional-style home. However, if you have a modern home, a metal roof with a flat or low-slope design might be the way to go. Tile colours could also play a crucial role in the overall look of your home, so pay attention to that.


The budget is always a significant factor when considering a new roof. Roof tile costs could vary widely depending on the material, quality, style, and installation requirements.

Traditional asphalt shingles are the most affordable, while clay or metal tiles are more costly. Remember that investing more in high-quality, durable tiles is beneficial as it could save you more money down the road.

Maintenance requirements

Roof tiles require regular cleaning, debris removal, and minor repairs. Certain materials like slate or clay require more intensive maintenance and adjustments like sealing, scaffolding, or waterproofing. Be sure to consider these factors when making your decision.

Environmental impact

In recent years, environmental consciousness has become a significant factor to consider when selecting a roofing material. Sustainable options like rubber or plastic tiles can be excellent options for eco-friendly homeowners. However, traditional materials like asphalt shingles or wood tiles might not be the most environmentally friendly option.

Get Expert Help Choosing Roof Tiles 

While roof tiles are a reliable roofing solution, it is vital to seek professional help when installing or repairing them. A licensed roofing contractor can assess your home's needs and recommend the best type of roof tiles for your climate and budget.

They can also ensure that your roof is installed correctly, providing reliable protection for your home for years to come. In addition, regular maintenance is essential to keep your roof tiles in good condition.

A professional roofing contractor can inspect your roof for damage, such as cracked or broken tiles and make the necessary repairs. This will help prevent leaks and other issues that could damage your home's interior.

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